useParams Hooks

The useParams hook is provided by the React Router library, specifically react-router-dom, to access URL parameters in a React application. It allows you to extract dynamic parameters from the URL and use them within your components.

Here's an example of how to use the useParams hook:

In this example, assume that you have set up your routing configuration to handle a route like /users/:username, where :username represents a dynamic parameter in the URL.

When the URL matches this route pattern, such as /users/johndoe, the useParams hook allows you to extract the value of :username and assign it to the username variable. You can then use this parameter within your component.

The useParams hook returns an object containing key-value pairs, where the keys correspond to the parameter names defined in the route pattern. In this case, it would be { username: 'johndoe' }.

Make sure you have set up your routing configuration correctly using a library like React Router or reach-router. Also, ensure that your component is rendered within the appropriate route where the URL parameters are available.


If a parameter defined in the route path is missing from the URL, the corresponding value in the params object returned by useParams will be undefined. It is essential to handle such cases and provide fallbacks or default values as needed.

No, the useParams Hook is specific to functional components and cannot be used in class components. If you need to access URL parameters in a class component, you can use the withRouter higher-order component from 'react-router-dom' to achieve similar functionality.

When working with nested routes, the parent component's route path should include a placeholder for the parameters needed by the child components. The child components can then access the relevant parameters using the useParams Hook, just like with regular routes.