In this tutorial, we will learn about the HTML Table, several ways to build it, and how to use it through examples. HTML Table is a data organization in rows and columns, or in a more complicated form. Tables are common in communication, research, and data analysis. Tables may be used to convey written information and numerical data, among other things. In the tabular form arrangement, it may be used to compare two or more objects. Databases are built using tables.
Defining tables in HTML
The "table" element is used to define an HTML table. The "tr" tag is used to specify each table row. The "th" tag is used to specify a table header. Table heads are bold and centered by default. The "td" tag specifies a table data/cell.
Adding a border to an HTML table
The CSS border property is used to define a border. If no border is specified for the table, it will be presented without one.
Adding collapsed borders in an HTML table
Add the CSS border-collapse attribute to make borders merge into one.
Adding cell padding in an HTML table
The gap between the cell content and its edges is defined by cell padding. If no padding is specified, the table cells will be presented without padding.
Adding left align headings in an HTML table
Table heads are bold and centered by default. To align the table heads to the left, we must utilize the CSS text-align property.
Adding border spacing in an HTML table
The gap between the cells is defined by the border spacing. We must utilize the CSS border-spacing property to specify the border-spacing for a table.
Adding cells that span many columns in HTML tables
The colspan property must be used to have a cell of more than one column.
Adding cells that span many rows in HTML tables
The rowspan property must be used to have a cell of more than one row.
Adding a caption in an HTML table
We must utilize the "caption" tag to add a caption to a table.
Creating nested tables
Nesting tables simply implies putting one table within another. Nesting tables can result in sophisticated table layouts that are visually appealing but have the potential to introduce problems.
To make an HTML table responsive, you can use CSS media queries to adjust the table's layout based on the screen size. One way to make a table responsive is to set its width property to 100% and add the overflow-x: auto; property to make it horizontally scrollable on smaller screens. Additionally, you can set a max-width for the table to prevent it from overflowing on larger screens. Another approach is to use the display: block; property on the table and each table cell to stack them vertically on smaller screens.
HTML tables have various applications, including organizing and presenting data in a structured way, displaying product comparisons and pricing tables, creating calendars and schedules, and formatting web page layouts.