CSS align is used to position items as well as set the distribution of space between and around content items. We can arrange the items horizontally or vertically. To center them, various methods and techniques are used, such as taking care of the left and right margins, etc. The following methods for aligning and their applications are discussed:
1. margin: auto
This property is used to center a block element.
2. position & transform
Using this property, we can align the items.
3. text-align: center
We can align any HTML text at the center. This property can be used in a variety of tags.
4. padding center vertically
We can use padding to vertically align items.
5. padding and text-align
To align the text vertically and horizontally, use padding and text-align: center.
6. flexbox center
You can also use flexbox to center things.
"Text-align" and "vertical-align" are both CSS properties used for aligning content within an element, but they work in different ways and affect different aspects of the content. Here are the main differences between "text-align" and "vertical-align" in CSS:
- "Text-align" is used to horizontally align content within a block-level element, such as a div or paragraph. It can be set to "left", "center", "right", or "justify", and affects the horizontal positioning of the text or other content within the element.
- "Vertical-align" is used to vertically align inline-level content within a line box. It can be set to a variety of values, including "top", "middle", "bottom", "baseline", or a specific length value. It affects the vertical positioning of the content within the line box.
- "Text-align" works on block-level elements, while "vertical-align" works on inline-level elements.
- "Text-align" affects the alignment of all content within a block-level element, while "vertical-align" affects only the alignment of inline-level content within a line box.
There are several ways to horizontally center a block-level element using CSS. Here are three common methods:
1. Using margin: auto
Set the left and right margins of the block-level element to auto, and its width to a specific value or a percentage.
2. Using text-align: center
If the block-level element contains only text or inline-level elements, you can use the "text-align" property set to "center" on its parent element to center it.
3. Using flexbox
Using CSS flexbox is another way to center a block-level element horizontally. To do this, set the display property of the parent element to "flex", and then set the justify-content property to "center".
These are just a few examples of the many ways to center a block-level element horizontally using CSS. The specific method used may depend on the layout and design requirements of the project.
"justify-content" and "align-items" are both CSS properties used in flexbox layouts to align and position items within a flex container. Here are the main differences between "justify-content" and "align-items" in CSS flexbox:
- "justify-content" is used to horizontally align items within a flex container, while "align-items" is used to vertically align items within a flex container.
- "justify-content" affects the horizontal positioning of all items within a flex container along the main axis. It can be set to various values, such as "flex-start", "flex-end", "center", "space-between", "space-around", or "space-evenly".
- "align-items" affects the vertical positioning of all items within a flex container along the cross axis. It can also be set to various values, such as "flex-start", "flex-end", "center", "baseline", or "stretch".
- If a flex container has only one row of items, then "justify-content" and "align-items" will have the same effect. However, if a flex container has multiple rows of items, "justify-content" will affect the horizontal alignment of the rows, while "align-items" will affect the vertical alignment of the items within each row.