To appropriately organize the data into rows and columns or perhaps a more complicated structure, a table in CSS is used to apply the various stylistic properties to the HTML Table components.
Tables are frequently used in data analysis, research, and communication. To display the layout of the table, use the CSS table-layout attribute.
This attribute essentially controls the algorithm used to arrange the cells, rows, and columns of a table.
Properties for CSS table :
It is employed to define the table's borders.
The border-collapse attribute indicates whether each cell should retain its own style or whether the browser should manage how neighboring borders that touch one another appear.
The distance between the boundaries of adjacent cells is defined by this attribute
The caption side attribute is used to manage where the caption appears in the table. Captions are usually positioned above the table by default.
This attribute determines whether or not empty cells in a table should have borders and backgrounds.
The layout algorithm for the table is configured using the table layout property.
To make a responsive CSS table, you can use media queries to adjust the table's layout based on the screen size. You can set the table's width to 100% and add the CSS property "overflow-x: auto;" to make the table horizontally scrollable on smaller screens. You can also set the table's font size to a percentage or em value to make it adjust to the screen size. Additionally, you can use the CSS property "vertical-align" to align content within the table cells.
CSS tables and HTML tables are both used to display data in an organized format, but they differ in their structure and styling. HTML tables use table, tr, th, and td tags to create a table, while CSS tables use the display:table, display:table-row, and display:table-cell properties to create a similar structure. CSS tables offer more flexibility in terms of styling and layout, as they allow for more control over cell spacing, border styles, and alignment. Additionally, CSS tables can be created without using any HTML markup, making them more accessible to screen readers and other assistive technologies.
To make a table header that stays fixed while scrolling, you can use CSS positioning and z-index properties. The basic idea is to create two table elements, one for the header and one for the body, and then position the header element at the top of the table container with a higher z-index value than the body element. You can then set the body element to have a fixed height and overflow-y property to create a scrollable area, while the header element remains fixed.